The name “Lebanon” is believed to mean “White Land” in ancient Semitic referring to the snow caps of Mount Lebanon. Lebanon is the home of the ancient Phoenicians, who were known to trade by sea all throughout the Mediterranean Sea. Modern Lebanon was first ruled by the Ottoman Empire as the Beirut Wilayet (Province), until it fell under French occupation in the aftermath of World War I in 1918. France later renamed the region Greater Lebanon, in 1920 and set it up under a Mandate System, with a unique system of government for the country’s many sects. Although the French granted Lebanon its nominal independence in 1943, it did not withdraw all its troops until 1946. Neighboring Syria militarily occupied Lebanon in 1976 and due to the International Pressure, Syria was forced to withdraw from Lebanon in 2004. Israel was forced to withdraw from Lebanon in 2000, but re-invaded in 2006, when clashes erupted again between Israeli forces and the local Lebanese militia in the south for 34 days. Israeli forces later withdrew after the end of the clashes. Lebanon has still not fully recovered from years of wars and invasions. The civilian infrastructure still needs to be rebuilt and thousands of Palestinian and Syrian refugees are suffering from the lack of services and high cost of living. Life has been working in Lebanon since 2004. Life provides emergency food, medical aid and relief items to the people of Lebanon and Syrian refugees. Life works to provide medical supplies and equipment to hospitals in Lebanon. Life also provides assistance to refugees and has had an ongoing orphan sponsorship program in Lebanon for several years.