Somalia is a deprived country with a population of about 12.3 million people, and over half of that population with 6.2 million, who are highly lacking the food needed to survive and in need of humanitarian aid. About three million Somalis face food security crisis.
The widespread water and pasture shortages have forced people to travel in search of food and water for both domestic and livestock use. Many of the rivers in Somalia, including the Shabelle River have dried, while the Dawa River is drying faster than normal. The Juba River has also reached extremely low water levels. Water supply is needed for watered crop production, and an extensive failure of crop growth has affected farming and Argo-pastoral communities in most of Somalia.